Growing Cannabis: Easy Steps & Expert Tips

Growing Cannabis: Easy Steps & Expert Tips

Whether you’re a medical user or just fancy trying your hand at cannabis cultivation, this guide’s got you covered. We’ll take you through the ABCs of selecting strains, nailing the perfect growing conditions, and reaping a harvest you’ll be proud of. Start with the best cannabis seeds from reputable banks like Seed Supreme, and follow the steps we’ve outlined later to ensure maximum yields. So, kick back, relax, and let’s roll into this journey of green-thumb wisdom.

Key Takeaways:

  • Growing cannabis can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience.
  • Start with high-quality cannabis seeds from reputable suppliers.
  • Choose the right growing environment, whether indoor or outdoor.
  • Provide essential nutrients and monitor plant health closely.
  • Follow expert tips to maximize yields and quality.

Getting Started with Growing Marijuana

To successfully start growing marijuana, it’s essential to gather the necessary supplies and create the right environment for your plants. Here’s a guide to help you get started on your cannabis cultivation journey:

Gather the Essential Supplies

Before you begin, ensure you have the following supplies:

  • Grow Medium: Choose a suitable grow medium for your plants, such as soil, coco coir, or hydroponic systems.
  • Grow Light: Provide adequate lighting for your indoor cannabis garden. Consider LED grow lights or high-intensity discharge (HID) lights.
  • Water: Ensure a reliable water source and proper irrigation system to keep your plants hydrated.
  • Air Circulation: Maintain proper air circulation and ventilation to prevent mold and mildew growth.
  • Temperature Control: Monitor and control the temperature in your growing space to provide optimal conditions for your plants.
  • Nutrients: Supply your plants with the necessary nutrients throughout their growth stages.

To make the process easier for beginners, consider purchasing a complete grow kit from reputable suppliers like I Love Growing Marijuana or Homegrown Cannabis Co. These kits often contain all the essential supplies you’ll need to get started.

Create an Indoor Growing Space

Indoor cannabis cultivation allows for better control over the growing environment. Set up a dedicated space where you can control factors like lighting, temperature, and humidity. Consider using a grow tent or a designated area in your home.

Ensure your indoor growing space has proper insulation and lightproofing to prevent light leaks and maintain a consistent light schedule for your plants. Install fans or ventilation systems to regulate air circulation and remove stale air.

Follow a Comprehensive Guide

Learning the basics of growing marijuana is crucial for your success. Invest time in researching and reading comprehensive cannabis cultivation technology guides. These guides will provide you with step-by-step instructions, tips, and troubleshooting advice to help you navigate each stage of the cultivation process.

By starting with the right supplies, creating an ideal growing environment, and following a comprehensive guide, you’ll be well on your way to successfully growing marijuana at home.

Choosing the Right Growing Environment

When it comes to growing cannabis, one of the first decisions you’ll need to make is whether to cultivate your plants indoors or outdoors. Each option has its own advantages and considerations, so it’s important to choose the right growing environment that suits your needs.

For outdoor cannabis growing, the natural sunlight provides free and abundant light for your plants. This can result in larger yields and potentially higher potency. However, growing outdoors also means you have less control over environmental factors, such as temperature, humidity, and pests. You’ll need to consider the climate in your region, as well as any security concerns, to ensure the success of your outdoor garden.

On the other hand, indoor cannabis cultivation allows for precise control over the growing environment. You can adjust factors like temperature, humidity, and lighting to create the ideal conditions for your plants. This can result in more consistent and predictable yields, especially in regions with unpredictable weather patterns. However, indoor growing requires an investment in equipment such as grow lights, ventilation systems, and climate control devices. It’s also important to note that indoor cultivation tends to be more expensive in terms of energy consumption.

Ultimately, the choice between outdoor and indoor growing depends on your available space, budget, and personal preferences. Consider the advantages and considerations of each option before making a decision. Remember, whether you choose to cultivate your cannabis plants outdoors or indoors, the key to success lies in providing the right care and attention throughout the growing process.

outdoor cannabis growing

Table: Pros and Cons of Outdoor and Indoor Cannabis Growing

Outdoor Growing Indoor Growing
Advantages
  • Abundant natural light
  • Potentially larger yields
  • Potentially higher potency
  • Precise control over environment
  • Consistent and predictable yields
  • Protection from outdoor pests and weather
Considerations
  • Dependent on outdoor weather conditions
  • Security concerns
  • Potential for pests and diseases
  • Higher upfront costs for equipment
  • Energy consumption
  • Less natural light

Selecting the Right Growing Medium

When it comes to cannabis cultivation, selecting the right growing medium is a key decision that can significantly impact the growth and development of your plants. There are several options available, each with its own benefits and considerations.

Soil: Soil is the most popular choice for beginner growers due to its availability and natural nutrient content. It provides a stable medium for plant roots and allows for a more forgiving environment. Organic soil amendments can further enhance the nutrient content, providing a balanced diet for your cannabis plants.

Soilless Mediums: Soilless mediums like coco coir or vermiculite offer a more controlled environment for cannabis cultivation. These mediums provide excellent drainage and aeration, preventing issues such as root rot. They also allow for precise control over nutrient uptake, as you have complete control over the nutrient solutions.

Hydroponics: Hydroponic setups involve growing cannabis plants in a nutrient-rich water solution, without the use of soil. This method offers faster growth rates and higher yields, as plants can directly access nutrients without any interference. However, it requires more investment in terms of equipment and expertise in maintaining the pH and nutrient levels.

Ultimately, the choice of growing medium depends on your preferences, budget, and level of expertise. Beginners may find soil to be the most straightforward option, while experienced growers may prefer the precision and efficiency of hydroponic systems. Whichever medium you choose, remember to provide the necessary nutrients, monitor the pH levels, and ensure proper drainage to create an ideal growing environment for your cannabis plants.

Providing Essential Nutrients

Like any other plant, cannabis plants require essential nutrients to grow and thrive. The specific nutrient requirements can vary based on the chosen growing medium. Soil-based cultivation often requires the use of organic fertilizers and soil amendments. Hydroponic systems require precise nutrient solutions tailored to the needs of the plants. Follow nutrient-feeding charts and maintain the pH level of the root environment to ensure optimum nutrient uptake.

When it comes to cannabis nutrient requirements, understanding the three primary macronutrients – nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) – is essential. Nitrogen is crucial for healthy leaf and stem growth, phosphorus promotes root development and flower production, and potassium aids in overall plant health and disease resistance.

“Providing the right balance of nutrients is key to successful cannabis cultivation. It’s important to monitor the nutrient levels in your soil or hydroponic solution and adjust accordingly. Remember, too much or too little of a specific nutrient can negatively impact the plant’s growth.”

In addition to the primary macronutrients, cannabis plants also require secondary nutrients, such as calcium, magnesium, and sulfur, as well as trace elements like iron, manganese, and zinc. These micronutrients play crucial roles in various metabolic processes and ensure the plant’s overall health and vitality.

Nutrient Function Deficiency Symptoms
Nitrogen (N) Stimulates leaf and stem growth Yellowing of leaves, stunted growth
Phosphorus (P) Promotes root development and flower production Poor root growth, reduced flower production
Potassium (K) Aids in overall plant health and disease resistance Poor fruiting, leaf scorching
Calcium (Ca) Helps in cell formation and stability Blossom end rot, stunted growth
Magnesium (Mg) Essential for chlorophyll production Interveinal chlorosis, leaf curling
Sulfur (S) Aids in protein synthesis and enzyme activity Yellowing of new leaves, stunted growth

Choosing the Right Cannabis Strain

When it comes to growing marijuana, choosing the right strain is a crucial step. Different strains have unique characteristics and growth requirements that can significantly impact your cultivation experience. For beginners, it’s important to start with high-yield cannabis strains that are known for their resilience and ease of cultivation. These strains can help you build confidence as you embark on your marijuana cultivation journey.

Autoflowering and feminized seeds are particularly beneficial for novice growers. Autoflowering strains eliminate the need for light cycle adjustments, making them easier to manage. They also tend to have faster growth rates and shorter flowering periods. Feminized seeds, on the other hand, ensure that all plants will be female, eliminating the risk of male plants that can decrease overall yield. Consider strains like Northern Lights, OG Kush, or Amnesia Haze for a successful beginner’s experience.

Growing marijuana requires attention to detail and patience. It’s important to choose strains that align with your experience level and growing conditions. By starting with high-yield cannabis strains, you can set yourself up for success and enjoy a bountiful harvest.

– Cannabis Cultivation Expert

As you gain more experience in cannabis cultivation, you can explore a wider range of strains with different flavors, effects, and growth characteristics. It’s always a good idea to research the specific requirements of each strain and ensure that they align with your growing environment. Remember, the right strain can make all the difference in achieving a successful marijuana cultivation journey.

high-yield cannabis strains

High-Yield Cannabis Strains:

Strain Yield Growth Difficulty Flowering Time Effects
Northern Lights High Easy 7-9 weeks Relaxing, euphoric
OG Kush Moderate-High Moderate 8-9 weeks Uplifting, creative
Amnesia Haze High Moderate 10-12 weeks Energetic, cerebral

The Importance of Lighting

When it comes to indoor cannabis growing, lighting plays a crucial role in the success of your plants. Proper lighting provides the energy needed for photosynthesis and influences the growth and development of your cannabis plants. During the vegetative stage, plants require around 18 hours of light per day to encourage healthy leaf and stem growth. As the plants transition into the flowering stage, they require a 12-hour light cycle to trigger the production of buds.

There are different types of grow lights available for indoor cultivation, each with its own advantages and considerations. High-Intensity Discharge (HID) lights, such as Metal Halide (MH) and High-Pressure Sodium (HPS) lights, are popular options known for their ability to provide high light intensity. LED (Light-Emitting Diode) lights are another popular choice, offering energy efficiency and a full spectrum of light for optimal growth. Consider factors such as heat generation, energy consumption, and cost when choosing the right lighting system for your indoor garden.

Table: Comparison of Different Grow Lights

Grow Light Type Advantages Considerations
HID Lights (MH and HPS) – High light intensity\n- Proven effectiveness\n- Suitable for large-scale operations – High heat generation\n- High energy consumption\n- Requires ballasts and cooling systems
LED Lights – Energy-efficient\n- Full spectrum of light\n- Low heat generation\n- Long lifespan – Higher upfront cost\n- May require supplemental cooling\n- Quality varies among brands

It’s important to position your grow lights at the appropriate height and angle to ensure an even distribution of light and to prevent light burn or shading. Regularly monitor the distance between the lights and the tops of your plants, as they can stretch towards the light if it’s too far and may suffer from light burn if it’s too close.

In addition to the right type and placement of lights, it’s essential to maintain a consistent light schedule throughout the different stages of growth. Use timers to automate the light cycles and ensure your plants receive the necessary light duration for each stage. By providing the right lighting conditions, you can promote healthy growth, maximize yields, and produce high-quality cannabis.

Understanding the Growth Stages

Proper care and attention during the different growth stages of cannabis plants are crucial for successful cultivation. Each stage has specific requirements that need to be met to ensure optimal growth and development.

The first stage is germination, where the seed sprouts and begins to develop roots and leaves. It’s important to provide a moist and warm environment for the seeds to germinate successfully. Once the seedlings emerge, they enter the vegetative growth stage. During this stage, the plants focus on leaf and stem development. Provide sufficient light, nutrients, and water to promote healthy growth. Adjust the lighting cycle to 18 hours of light per day to mimic the long days of summer.

After the vegetative stage comes the flowering stage. This is when the plants transition from focusing on growth to producing flowers. The flowering stage is triggered by changing the lighting cycle to 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness. It’s essential to maintain a consistent environment with proper humidity and temperature to support bud formation. Monitor the plants closely for any signs of nutrient deficiencies or pest infestations during this crucial stage.

cannabis plant care

By understanding and catering to the specific needs of each growth stage, you can ensure that your cannabis plants thrive and produce the best possible yield. Remember to provide adequate nutrition, adjust lighting cycles, and monitor environmental factors like temperature and humidity. With proper care, you’ll be rewarded with healthy and robust cannabis plants ready for harvest.

Harvesting and Curing Cannabis

To achieve the desired potency and quality, it is essential to harvest cannabis at the right time and properly cure the buds. Harvesting too early can result in immature buds with lower potency, while harvesting too late can lead to over-ripe buds with diminished flavor and effects. Timing is crucial.

One of the most reliable methods of determining the ideal harvest time is by monitoring the trichomes, the resin glands on the buds. Using a magnifying glass or a microscope, examine the trichomes and look for their color and clarity. When the trichomes turn milky white or amber, it is a sign that the buds are ripe and ready to be harvested.

Once the cannabis plants are harvested, the buds need to be dried and cured properly to preserve their flavor, aroma, and potency. Proper drying involves hanging the trimmed buds upside down in a well-ventilated and dark room with temperatures between 60-70°F (15-21°C) and relative humidity around 50%. This slow drying process allows the moisture to evaporate gradually, preventing mold and ensuring the buds retain their desirable qualities.

After drying, the buds should be cured to further enhance their flavor and smoothness. Place the dried buds in airtight containers, such as glass jars, and store them in a cool, dark place. Open the jars daily for the first week to allow any excess moisture to escape. After the first week, open the jars periodically to prevent mold and promote further curing. Properly cured cannabis can develop richer flavors, smoother smoke, and improved effects.

By harvesting at the right time and employing proper drying and curing techniques, you can ensure that your cannabis buds reach their full potential in terms of potency, flavor, and overall quality.

outdoor cannabis cultivation

Best Cannabis Strains for Beginners

When it comes to growing cannabis as a beginner, selecting the right strains can make all the difference. Choosing cannabis strains that are known for their ease of cultivation and beginner-friendly characteristics can increase your chances of success. Here are some of the best cannabis strains for beginners:

  • Green Crack Punch
  • Easy Bud
  • Critical
  • White Widow
  • Royal Jack Auto
  • Special Queen 1

These strains offer a balance of simplicity and quality, making them ideal for novice growers. They are known for their resilience, high yields, and relatively straightforward growth requirements. By starting with these strains, beginners can gain valuable experience and confidence in their cannabis cultivation journey.

cannabis strains for beginners

Tips for Successful Cannabis Growing

Successfully growing cannabis requires a combination of knowledge, skills, and attention to detail. Here are some essential tips to help you on your journey to becoming a successful cannabis cultivator:

Start Small

Begin with a small number of plants to gain experience and confidence in your growing abilities. This allows you to focus on providing the best care for each plant and learn from any challenges that may arise. As you gain more experience, you can gradually increase the number of plants you cultivate.

Maintain Cleanliness

A clean and hygienic environment is crucial for healthy plant growth. Regularly clean your grow space, equipment, and tools to prevent the buildup of pests, mold, and pathogens. This helps minimize the risk of plant diseases and ensures optimal conditions for your cannabis plants to thrive.

Ensure Light-Tight Environments

Light leaks during the dark cycle can disrupt the flowering process and negatively impact the quality and yield of your harvest. Use light-blocking materials such as blackout curtains or reflective films to create a light-tight environment. This ensures your plants receive the necessary uninterrupted dark period for proper flowering.

Control Temperature and Humidity

Maintaining the ideal temperature and humidity levels is crucial for healthy plant growth. Cannabis plants thrive in temperatures between 20-26°C (68-78°F) during the day and slightly lower temperatures during the night. The humidity levels should be around 40-60% during the vegetative stage and reduced to 40-50% during the flowering stage to prevent mold and bud rot.

Budgeting for Electricity Costs

Indoor cannabis cultivation requires artificial lighting, which can significantly contribute to electricity costs. It’s essential to factor in the cost of running grow lights, fans, and other equipment when planning your budget. Consider energy-efficient lighting options and implement strategies to reduce energy consumption, such as using timers for light cycles and optimizing ventilation systems.

cannabis growing techniques

Tips for Successful Cannabis Growing
Start Small Maintain Cleanliness Ensure Light-Tight Environments Control Temperature and Humidity Budgeting for Electricity Costs
Begin with a small number of plants to gain experience and confidence in your growing abilities. Regularly clean your grow space, equipment, and tools to prevent the buildup of pests, mold, and pathogens. Use light-blocking materials such as blackout curtains or reflective films to create a light-tight environment. Maintain the ideal temperature and humidity levels for healthy plant growth. Factor in the cost of running grow lights and other equipment when planning your budget.

Planning Your Cannabis Garden

Planning your cannabis garden is a crucial step in ensuring a successful harvest. By considering factors such as space availability, light exposure, and plant spacing, you can optimize the growth and yield of your cannabis plants. Here are some key points to keep in mind when planning your cannabis garden:

1. Space Availability:

Assess the available space you have for your cannabis garden. Whether you’re growing indoors or outdoors, make sure you have enough room for the plants to grow and thrive. Consider the height limitations and ensure proper ventilation and air circulation to prevent issues such as mold or pests.

2. Light Exposure:

Ensure that your cannabis plants receive adequate light exposure. For indoor cultivation, choose the right grow lights that can provide the necessary light intensity and spectrum for optimal growth. If you’re growing outdoors, select a location with sufficient sunlight throughout the day and consider shade options for protection during extremely hot weather.

3. Plant Spacing:

Proper plant spacing is essential to prevent overcrowding and allow each plant to receive sufficient airflow and light. Research the specific requirements of the cannabis strain you’re growing and plan accordingly. Consider companion planting to deter pests and create a balanced ecosystem in your garden.

cannabis garden image

4. Organization and Documentation:

Stay organized by maintaining documentation of your garden. Keep track of important details such as the date of planting, strain information, and any observations or adjustments you make during the cultivation process. This documentation can help you analyze your garden’s progress, identify trends, and make informed decisions for future grows.

Remember, planning your cannabis garden is not a one-size-fits-all approach. Consider your specific needs and preferences to create a personalized plan that suits your growing goals. By taking the time to plan ahead, you can set yourself up for a successful and rewarding cannabis cultivation experience.

Dealing with Pest Control

When it comes to outdoor cannabis cultivation, one of the key challenges growers face is pest control. Cannabis plants are susceptible to various pests and diseases that can negatively impact their growth and overall health. Implementing effective pest control measures is crucial to ensure a successful harvest. Here are some tips to help you keep pests at bay and maintain a healthy cannabis garden.

Regular Inspection and Cleaning: Regularly inspect your plants for any signs of pest infestation. Look out for pests such as aphids, spider mites, and caterpillars, as well as signs of damage such as holes in leaves or sticky residue. Remove any infected or damaged plants immediately to prevent the spread of pests.

Natural Remedies and Biological Controls: Consider using natural remedies to control pests in your cannabis garden. This can include introducing beneficial insects such as ladybugs or lacewings, which feed on common cannabis pests. Neem oil, insecticidal soap, and diatomaceous earth are also effective natural pest control options.

Safe Pesticides: If natural remedies are not sufficient, you may need to resort to safe pesticides approved for use on cannabis plants. It’s important to choose pesticides that are specifically labeled for cannabis and follow the instructions carefully to ensure safe and effective use. Always prioritize the health and safety of both your plants and yourself when using pesticides.

Pest Prevention Treatment
Aphids Remove weeds near the garden, use reflective mulch Prune affected leaves, introduce ladybugs or use neem oil
Spider Mites Maintain proper humidity levels, introduce predatory mites Use insecticidal soap or neem oil
Caterpillars Regularly inspect plants, handpick and remove caterpillars Use BT (Bacillus thuringiensis) or spinosad-based insecticides

By implementing these pest control strategies and staying vigilant, you can minimize the risk of pest infestations and maintain a healthy cannabis garden. Remember to regularly inspect your plants, use natural remedies and safe pesticides when necessary, and always prioritize the health and safety of your plants.

cannabis pest control

Maximizing Yield and Quality

When it comes to cannabis cultivation, maximizing yield and quality is the ultimate goal for any grower. By implementing the right techniques and strategies, you can optimize your plant’s potential and achieve the best results. Here are some key factors to consider:

Creating the Ideal Growing Environment

The environment in which your cannabis plants grow plays a crucial role in their development and overall yield. Maintaining optimal temperature, humidity, and ventilation levels is essential for healthy plant growth. Additionally, providing the right amount and intensity of light during each stage of growth is vital. Consider using a combination of natural sunlight and artificial lighting sources to ensure your plants receive the necessary light spectrum.

Providing Proper Nutrition

Cannabis plants have specific nutrient requirements that need to be met throughout their life cycle. It’s essential to provide them with the right balance of macronutrients (such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium) and micronutrients (such as calcium, magnesium, and iron). This can be achieved through the use of organic fertilizers or nutrient solutions tailored to the needs of your plants. Regularly monitor the pH levels of your growing medium to ensure optimal nutrient uptake.

Implementing Effective Training and Pruning Techniques

Training and pruning your cannabis plants can help optimize yield and quality by maximizing light penetration and airflow. Techniques such as topping, low-stress training (LST), and defoliation can promote bushier growth and increase bud production. Additionally, removing excess foliage and focusing growth on the main colas can enhance the development of larger, denser buds.

Harvesting at the Right Time

Knowing when to harvest your cannabis plants is crucial for achieving the desired potency and quality. Harvesting too early can result in underdeveloped buds, while harvesting too late can lead to a decrease in potency and an increase in the likelihood of mold or mildew. Monitor the trichomes on your plants using a magnifying tool to determine the ideal harvest time. Look for milky-white trichomes with some amber-colored ones for a balanced effect.

By carefully considering these factors and implementing the right techniques, you can significantly increase the yield and quality of your cannabis plants. Remember to keep a close eye on your plants throughout the cultivation process and make any necessary adjustments along the way. With dedication and attention to detail, you can achieve a successful and rewarding cannabis cultivation experience.

Conclusion

In conclusion, growing cannabis can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience for both medical users and enthusiasts. By following the steps outlined in this guide and taking into account expert tips, you can nurture your cannabis plants for optimum yield and quality. Remember to start with the best seeds, choose the right growing environment, provide essential nutrients, and monitor your plants closely.

Throughout the cultivation process, it’s crucial to employ effective cannabis growing techniques and marijuana growing tips to ensure successful results. Stay mindful of factors such as lighting, temperature, humidity, and pest control. Regularly assess and adjust these variables to optimize the growth and health of your plants.

Whether you’re a novice or an experienced cultivator, this comprehensive guide has equipped you with the knowledge and confidence to embark on your cannabis cultivation journey. By implementing the strategies and tips provided, you’ll be able to cultivate your own high-quality cannabis and enjoy the benefits of a successful harvest. Happy growing!

FAQ

What supplies do I need to start growing cannabis?

You will need a grow medium, a grow light, water, air circulation, temperature control, and nutrients.

Should I grow cannabis indoors or outdoors?

It depends on your preferences and factors like space availability and budget. Growing outdoors is generally cheaper, but indoor cultivation offers more control over the growing environment.

What is the best growing medium for cannabis?

You can choose to grow in soil, soilless mediums like coco coir or vermiculite, or even opt for hydroponic setups. Each medium has its own benefits and considerations.

How do I provide essential nutrients to my cannabis plants?

The nutrient requirements vary based on the chosen growing medium. Soil-based cultivation often requires organic fertilizers and soil amendments, while hydroponic systems require precise nutrient solutions tailored to the plants’ needs.

Which cannabis strain should I choose as a beginner?

It’s recommended to start with easy-to-grow strains that are known for their resilience and high yields. Autoflowering and feminized seeds can be beneficial for beginners.

What type of lighting should I use for indoor cannabis growing?

Different types of grow lights, such as HID lights or LED panels, can be used to provide the necessary light intensity and spectrum for optimal growth.

What are the different growth stages of cannabis plants?

Cannabis plants go through germination, vegetative growth, and flowering stages. Each stage has specific requirements that need to be met for successful cultivation.

How do I know when to harvest my cannabis plants?

Monitor the trichomes (resin glands) to determine the ideal harvest time. Proper drying and curing techniques are also important for preserving flavor and potency.

Which cannabis strains are best for beginners?

Some popular options for beginners include Green Crack Punch, Easy Bud, Critical, White Widow, Royal Jack Auto, and Special Queen 1.

What are some tips for successful cannabis growing?

Tips include starting small, maintaining cleanliness, controlling temperature and humidity, and regularly monitoring plants for pests or nutrient deficiencies.

How should I plan my cannabis garden?

Consider factors like space availability, light exposure, and plant spacing to ensure a well-planned garden that leads to better yields and healthier plants.

How can I deal with pests in my cannabis garden?

Implement preventive measures like regular inspection and cleaning, consider natural remedies or biological controls, and use safe pesticides approved for use on cannabis plants.

How can I maximize yield and quality in cannabis cultivation?

Pay attention to environmental conditions, provide adequate nutrition, implement effective training and pruning techniques, and harvest at the right time.

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